A psychoeducational evaluation includes assessment in the following areas:
Executive Functions- abilities such as attention and concentration, drive and motivation, mental flexibility, planning and organizational skills, ability to recognize and correct mistakes, ability to respond to feedback cues, and the ability to understand the consequences of behavior.
Intelligence- The intelligence test samples many of those cognitive skills that are needed to learn in school including verbal comprehension and expression, verbal and nonverbal reasoning, concept formation, vocabulary development, numerical reasoning and problem solving ability, auditory and visual immediate memory, visual perception and discrimination, spatial visualization, and visual-motor coordination.
Reasoning and Concept Formation- Reasoning is the ability to make inferences, thaw conclusions, and make judgments. Concept formation is the development of concepts that are ideas based on common characteristics of a group of objects, events or qualities.
Language Functions- Speech skills encompass articulation (speech/sound production), voice, and fluency. Language skills include grammar, sentence length and structure, vocabulary and meaning, and auditory processing (auditory discrimination, auditory memory, auditory sequencing, auditory closure).
Auditory Processing- Auditory memory is the ability to remember information presented orally. Auditory sequential memory is the ability to remember a sequence of information presented orally (a series of sounds within a word, a series of words within a sentence, a series of ideas within a story).
Auditory sequential processing is the ability to process verbal information in the correct sequence.
Auditory-visual associative memory is the ability to remember verbal and visual information presented simultaneously (sounds associated with letters).
Auditory figure-ground is the ability to discriminate a speaker’s voice in the presence of background noise. Auditory closure is the ability to understand a word or message when part of the stimulus is missing.
Visual Processing- Visual memory is the ability to remember information presented visually. Visual sequential memory is the ability to remember visual information presented in a sequence. Visual discrimination is the ability to differentiate the shapes of letters, numbers, words, pictures or objects. Visual figure-ground discrimination is the ability to perceive objects as separate from the background. Visual closure is the ability to discriminate pictures or words with parts missing Visual processing speed is the ability to quickly process visual information.
Tactile Function- Tactile function is the ability to perceive touch.
Emotional Functioning- Projective or personality tests provide information about a student’s coping skills, emotional controls, and inner conflicts. These measures look at the student’s attitudes toward himself, family, peers, and school. Projective testing is often necessary to determine whether psychological problems are interfering with the student’s ability to learn.
Motor Functions- Graphomotor skills are fine motor skills demonstrated when using a pencil.
Academic Functions- Basic reading skills include word attack and sequencing skills used to decode unfamiliar words. Written expression is the ability to express ideas in writing with appropriate vocabulary, grammar, syntax, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization. Math computation is the ability to calculate numerical problems Mathematical reasoning is the ability to understand the relationship between mathematical concepts and operations.
Pre-vocational and Vocational- Vocational Aptitude tests generally measure skills such as fine eye-hand coordination, manual dexterity, general learning, math computation, and visual perception.
Vocational Interest tests measure the student’s vocational interests.